Love Sweat Love

with Mediamatic
2016, Museumnacht Amsterdam, Mediamatic, Amsterdam (NL)

Love Sweat Love is an olfactory dating performance experiment. By exploring body scent in relation to physical attraction, Love Sweat Love confronts the neglect and moral repression of the sense of smell in aesthetics and modern psychoanalysis by questioning smell’s historically pejorative relationship to animalism and sexuality. It is part of a project series which investigates the politics of body scent* in different cities.

Between 7:30 p.m. and midnight, “scientists,” donning traditional white lab coats, invited participants to donate scent samples from their underarms; these samples were then collected in glass jars, identified by number, and placed on display. After donating their own scent, participants were encouraged to sniff their way through the wider collection of underarm samples. This experience was guided by a short survey inquiring into associated memories, feelings, and odor identification** of the scent samples participants felt most attracted to. Using the contact details provided on the survey forms, “scientists,” informed participants when someone liked their scent. When two participants both fancied each other’s smells, the “scientists” offered to connect the pair and provided them with free drinks at Mediamatic’s bar.

Here first insights into people’s felt perception towards others’ body scents. This has been presented at the Human Olfaction conference (June 2017, Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen).

Video: Chris Hicks & Mediamatic


Photo: Anisa Xhomaqi and Mediamatic

Love Sweat Love grew out of my research interest in the perception and aesthetics of smell. Olfactory perception plays an integral part in both our relationship with ourselves and with the world, and even though smell is an extremely valuable tool for gathering knowledge, it has historically been stigmatized and repressed by philosophers and psychoanalysts (Le Guérer 2002). The main arguments claim that smell has an animalistic nature and is closely associated with sexuality (Diaconu 2006). 

For instance, philosophers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries associated smell with insanity and animality (Classen et al. 1994) which became a deeply engrained moral judgment. Immanuel Kant did not include either smell or taste in his highly-influential theory of aesthetics. According to him, these two senses encourage subjective sensuous pleasures and displeasures that do not foster the cognitive faculty of reaching a universal understanding of objects. That is to say, Kant, among other philosophers, understood smell as lacking in objectivity. One of Beardsley’s primary arguments in support of the marginalization and exclusion of the sense of smell from aesthetic appreciation is that because smell is utilitarian, i.e., it satisfies primary needs, and does not lend itself to contemplating objects (Benson et al 2001).

In addition psychoanalysis heavily contributed to the cognitive devaluation of the sense of smell. Psychiatrist Richard Krafft-Ebing believed that a discernable interest in odors indicated an aberrant sexuality (Le Guérer 2002). For Freud, smell was too closely connected to animalism and sexuality, and had to be transcended in order for civilization to evolve (Drobnick 2000). He argues that when, in the course of evolution, humans developed an upright posture, the previously predominant sense of smell faded into the background. Consequently, smells were more prominent to evoke disgust which had a huge impact on the repression of sexuality. As a result, in psychoanalysis, keen olfactory sensitivity was perceived as a primitive characteristic exposing a preoccupation with anal sexuality (Le Guérer 2002).
* Body scent is understood as the entire spectrum of human body odors, as they occur in everyday life. Body scents can be rather natural, or modified by added products such as shower gel, aftershave, essential oils, etc. Overall, all activities (such as working, exercising, food, etc.) have an effect on our body scent.

** Roughly 400 people participated in Love Sweat Love


Photo: Anisa Xhomaqi and Mediamatic

Classen, C, Howes, D & Synnott, A 1994, Aroma: The Cultural History of Smell, Routledge, London.

Diaconu, M 2006, ‘Reflections on an Aesthetics of Touch, Smell and Taste’, Contemporary Aesthetics, August 2006. Available from: [18 May 2019].

Drobnick, J 2000, ‘Inhaling Passions: Art, Sex and Scent’, Sexuality and Culture, vol. 4, no. 3, pp 37–56.

Le Guérer, A 2002, ‘Olfaction and Cognition: A Philosophical and Psychoanalytic View ‘, in Olfaction, Taste, and Cognition, eds Rouby, C, Schaal, B, Dubois, D, Gervais, R, Holley, Cambridge University Press, Cambrige (UK) & New York.

Benson, J, Redfern B & Roxbee Cox, J (eds) 2001, Approach to Aesthetics: Collected Papers on Philosophical Aesthetics Frank Sibley, Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York.